The relocation of indigenous people from national parks has become standard practice in many developing countries with little regard for the impacts it imposes on a community's cultural patterns and means for survival. Since the forced relocation of the Tharu people from the Royal Chitwan National Park in Nepal prior to its establishment in 1973, the indigenous Tharus have struggled to maintain their resource needs of gathering, fishing, grazing and hunting from the forests. Today there are efforts to incorporate Indigenous perspectives into conservation, as well as to ensure that displaced peoples retain their livelihoods and benefit from the increased tourism and income that is generated by the national park.

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