While conservation agriculture is not climate-proof, it is climate-smart. In many ways, conservation agriculture is a return back to the way Zambians used to farm before the country was colonized and modern commercial agriculture took over. Unlike conventional agriculture, conservation agriculture does not till the soil and rotates crops, usually between grains and legumes like peanuts and beans. It also uses natural fertilizers, such as animal manure, leaves, and crop residues. Together, these practices slowly build the soil’s ability to retain nutrients and moisture, making land more productive, efficient and resilient to climate irregularity like droughts and heavy downpours. Assignment for Concern Worldwide.